Abhorred Styx, the flood of deadly hate,
Sad Acheron of sorrow black and deep ;
Cocytus named of lamentation loud
Heard on the rueful stream ; fierce Phlegethon
Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with rage.
Far off from these, a slow and silent stream,
Lethe, the river of Oblivion, rolls
Her watery labyrinth, whereof who drinks
Forthwith his former state and being forgets,
Forgets both joy and grief, pleasure and pain.

— Milton

Hades, the brother of Zeus, rules the Underworld, the kingdom of the dead ,and judges the goodness of mortal souls who arrive in his domain, choosing whether to send them to Tartarus or the Elysian Fields. After the overthrow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Poseidon for shares of the world. He had the worst draw and was made lord of the Underworld, ruling over the dead. He is a greedy god who is greatly concerned with increasing his subjects. Those whose calling increases the number of dead are seen favorably. His three-headed dog, Cerberus, makes sure that no souls can escape his domain once there. He has a helmet that makes him invisible, but he rarely leaves the underworld. He is unpitying and terrible, but not capricious, neither good nor evil yet everything about him is somber, from his ebony throne to his chariot drawn by coal-black steeds. Hades owns all precious metals and jewels (since they are underground) and so he is also known as Pluto, meaning "wealth." He is the King of the dead but death itself is another god, Thanatos.

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